The United States is one of the most preferred destinations for higher education in the world. Due to the presence of abundant study and work opportunities, the United States is also known as the “Land of Opportunity”. In 2013-14, the United States welcomed nearly 9 million international students. This is why the US is one of the best destinations for higher education in the world. This article will clarify all aspects of higher education in USA for Asian students.

Types of Higher Education in USA:

There are four types of degrees awarded in the United States. These degrees can be done sequentially. The types of degrees offered in the United States are as follows:

Associate Degree: An associate degree is a two-year bachelor’s degree that prepares a student for a specific career or graduate degree. Students pursue an associate degree to earn more credits toward a bachelor’s degree, although only an associate degree is required for certain jobs.

Bachelor’s Degree: A bachelor’s degree is a four-year graduate program that provides more in-depth study of a specific major. It is an extension of an associate degree. If you have earned a bachelor’s degree, you are eligible for a master’s degree. Bachelor degrees include a Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), and Bachelor of Science (BS).

Master’s Degree: A master’s degree is a two-year postgraduate program taken after completing a bachelor’s degree. It offers deepening of majors chosen by students in graduate programs. It prepares a student for doctoral programs. Examples of graduate degrees are Master of Science (MS), Master of Business Administration (MBA), and Master of Arts (MA).

Doctorate Degree: The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree is the highest academic degree awarded to students. To pursue a PhD in a particular field, a student must have a master’s degree in the same field. It involves writing a dissertation based on research and advanced study of topics. A Ph.D. The research thesis will take three to six years to complete, depending on the nature and complexity of the research.

Types of Educational Institutions in USA:

In the United States, there are two main types of educational institutions. They are:

Community College: A community college is a college that offers general and technical associate degrees. Students who want to pursue an associate’s degree to earn additional credits toward a bachelor’s degree typically attend community colleges. Community college courses are very affordable and many students use community college courses to earn college credit toward a four-year bachelor’s degree.

University: A university is an educational institution that mainly offers bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral programs. Students who wish to further their educational qualifications go to university. Those who earn an associate’s degree at a community college can go on to a university to earn their bachelor’s degree.

Type of recording:

Fall Shooting: Fall shooting starts in late August and ends in late December. Most universities only accept applications in the fall semester. Students will have more course options during fall admission. Also, most students will apply for fall admission as their graduate programs end in June. Therefore, most students opt for admission by reading.

Spring Shooting: Spring shooting starts in early January and ends in early May. Courses offered for spring admission will be fewer in number. About 25% of US universities do not have spring admissions for most of the courses they offer. Many universities do not offer financial aid during the spring semester. Applicants who are not admitted in the fall, but the university wishes to apply as a student, will be granted deferred admission in the spring.

Application Guidelines and Requirements:

You must give your TOEFL and SAT exam for admission in various courses and GMAT exam for admission in MBA program.

Application Form: It is best to send inquiries at least 18 months before the date of admission. Students can request the application form through email or airmail, or students can visit the university/college website and download the application form.

Academic Information: Students are required to submit their school certificate for admission to graduate programs. Acceptable degrees include Indian School Certificate, Intermediate Certificate, Higher School Certificate, Higher Secondary Certificate and All India Senior School Certificate and their degree from a recognized university for admission to postgraduate or doctoral Programmes.

Letters of Recommendation: Not all universities require a letter of recommendation, but providing one will increase your chances of admission. A letter of recommendation is provided by a person who has taught the student or knows the student professionally. It should list the positive and negative traits and strengths of the student. The author mentions his position and how long he has known the students and in what capacity.

Statement of Purpose: A statement of purpose must be provided. This is an essay written by the applicant stating why he/she wants to take that particular university course. The university pays a lot of attention to it while selecting its candidates.

Application for Financial Aid:

 If the student wishes to apply for financial aid or scholarship, the student must submit the relevant application form.

Student Visa: A student who wishes to study in the United States must apply for an F Class USA Non-immigrant Visa.

In short, USA is a great country to study due to high quality of universities and abundance of job opportunities. The best!

By Tahmid

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